What Is The Rarest Medical Condition?

What are the worst autoimmune diseases?

Autoimmune myocarditis.

Multiple sclerosis.

Lupus.

Type 1 diabetes.

Vasculitis.

Rheumatoid arthritis.

Psoriasis.

Just as rheumatoid arthritis can impact health well beyond inflaming joints, psoriasis is more than a skin disease.

Some autoimmune conditions that may affect life expectancy: Autoimmune myocarditis.More items…•.

What are the rarest blood types?

What’s the rarest blood type?AB-negative (. 6 percent)B-negative (1.5 percent)AB-positive (3.4 percent)A-negative (6.3 percent)O-negative (6.6 percent)B-positive (8.5 percent)A-positive (35.7 percent)O-positive (37.4 percent)

What diseases are you born with?

Common congenital disorderscleft lip and cleft palate.cerebral palsy.Fragile X syndrome.Down syndrome.spina bifida.cystic fibrosis.heart conditions.

What are the top 3 mental illnesses?

The list is by no means exhaustive, but is meant to be a guide to frequently occurring conditions, some of which can present simultaneously.Depression. … Anxiety. … Bipolar Affective Disorder. … Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses. … Dementia.

What is the rarest mental illness?

Rare Mental DisordersStendhal Syndrome. Those with Stendhal syndrome experience physical and emotional anxiety as well as panic attacks, dissociative experiences, confusion and hallucinations when exposed to art. … Apotemnophilia. … Alien Hand Syndrome. … Capgras Syndrome. … Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.

What are the top 10 rarest diseases?

(CNN) — Mad cow disease, SARS and now swine flu: Some diseases grab the headlines. … Morgellons. … Progeria. … Water allergy. … Foreign accent syndrome. … Laughing Death. … Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) … Alice in Wonderland syndrome.More items…•

What are examples of rare diseases?

Examples of rare diseases caused by mutations in single genes include cystic fibrosis, which affects the respiratory and digestive systems (See: Learning About Cystic Fibrosis); Huntington’s disease, which affects the brain and nervous system (See: Learning About Huntington’s Disease); and muscular dystrophies, which …

What are human mutations?

A gene mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene, such that the sequence differs from what is found in most people. Mutations range in size; they can affect anywhere from a single DNA building block (base pair) to a large segment of a chromosome that includes multiple genes.

What is the meaning of rarest?

Adjective. superlative form of rare: most rare.

What is the hardest mental illness to live with?

Personality disorders are among the most difficult forms of mental illness to treat. Often, people with these disorders don’t seek help because they are able to function in their day-to-day lives.

What are the six killer diseases of a child?

Childhood mortality: six killer diseases and how to stop themPneumonia. Pneumonia, usually caused by a bacterial infection, is a disease in which the air sacs in the lungs become inflamed and fill up with fluid. … Diarrhoea. Diarrhoea is caused by an infection in the intestinal track. … Malaria. … Meningitis. … HIV. … Measles.

What is the most rare disease in the world?

5 of the World’s Most Ultra-Rare DiseasesRPI deficiency.Fields Condition. … Kuru. … Methemoglobinemia. … Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria. More often referred to as Progeria, this disease affects about one in every 8 million children and, due to a genetic mutation, causes the appearance of rapid aging beginning in early childhood. …

Who is the rarest person?

Mackenzie Fox-Byrne, six, is thought to have the world’s rarest genetic disorder as he is the only person on earth suffering from it. Mackenzie, whose condition has given him learning difficulties and left him unable to speak, is the result of a gene mutation doctors have never seen before.

What is the most common disease in the world?

So, without further ado, here are the five most common infectious diseases.Hepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

Does autoimmune disease mean a weak immune system?

What Are Autoimmune Disorders? Immune system disorders cause abnormally low activity or over activity of the immune system. In cases of immune system overactivity, the body attacks and damages its own tissues (autoimmune diseases).

What is the root cause of autoimmune disease?

The exact cause of autoimmune disorders is unknown. One theory is that some microorganisms (such as bacteria or viruses) or drugs may trigger changes that confuse the immune system. This may happen more often in people who have genes that make them more prone to autoimmune disorders.

What is the most painful autoimmune disease?

RA is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation in joints and organs throughout the body. A fairly common disease affecting 1.3 million people in America alone, RA includes symptoms that are painful and debilitating.

What are 5 genetic diseases?

What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. … Thalassemia. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs disease. … Sickle Cell Anemia. … Learn More. … Recommended. … Sources.

What is the hardest mental illness to treat?

How is borderline personality disorder treated? Borderline personality disorder has historically been viewed as difficult to treat. But with newer, evidence-based treatment, many people with borderline personality disorder experience fewer and less severe symptoms, improved functioning, and an improved quality of life.