Quick Answer: Why Is It Important To Prevent Medication Errors?

How can medication safety be improved?

Using Health Information Technology to Improve Medication SafetyMaintain an active medication allergy list.Maintain an active medication list.Use computerized physician order entry for medication orders.Generate and transmit electronic prescriptions for noncontrolled substances..

What causes medication errors in nursing?

The study showed that the main causes of medication errors in nursing students were: wrong medication calculations, lack of pharmacological information, unreadable orders in medicine cards, environmental conditions lead to distraction and having stress in the emergency situation, that they were reported as five causes …

What happens if you take wrong medication?

Taking the wrong medication, the wrong dosage of medication, or a medication that has a bad reaction with another drug can have dangerous side effects, including permanent disability or death.

How do you communicate with medical errors?

Disclosing medical errors the right wayBegin by stating there has been an error;Describe the course of events, using nontechnical language;State the nature of the mistake, consequences, and corrective action;Express personal regret and apologize;Elicit questions or concerns and address them; and.Plan the next step and next contact with the patient.

What are the four causes of medical errors?

The 8 Most Common Root Causes of Medical ErrorsCommunication Problems. Communication breakdowns are the most common causes of medical errors. … Inadequate Information Flow. … Human Problems. … Patient-Related Issues. … Organizational Transfer of Knowledge. … Staffing Patterns and Workflow. … Technical Failures. … Inadequate Policies.

What can I do to prevent medication errors?

10 Strategies for Preventing Medication ErrorsEnsure the five rights of medication administration. … Follow proper medication reconciliation procedures. … Double check—or even triple check—procedures. … Have the physician (or another nurse) read it back. … Consider using a name alert. … Place a zero in front of the decimal point. … Document everything.More items…•

What should you do if you give someone the wrong medication?

If the patient tells you it is the wrong medication or treatment, stop and check the order. Check physician orders for changes, and if you are unsure of a dosage, ask another nurse or the pharmacist to double-check your calculations.

What are the most common medication errors?

The most common type of error was wrong time of administration, followed by omission and wrong dose, wrong preparation, or wrong administration rate (for intravenous medication). A substantial proportion of medication administration errors occur in hospitalized children.

Are nurses responsible for medication errors?

Nursing staff are generally responsible for administering medications to patients and, given this unique role, they are able to report medication errors once these have been identified. … When medication errors are not reported, corrective actions are not taken and this can ultimately be associated with increased costs.

What happens when you take medication at the wrong time?

Strokes, for instance, tend to occur in the morning; asthma usually flares up at night. “If you take your medication at the wrong time,” he says, “it may not work as well … or you could experience more side effects and toxicity.”

Why is it important to report medication errors?

Medication errors have significant implications on patient safety. Error detection through an active management and effective reporting system discloses medication errors and encourages safe practices.

Why are medication errors a problem?

Medication errors are preventable events due to the inappropriate use of medications. Medication errors that cause harm are called preventable adverse drug events. If a medication error occurred, but didn’t hurt anyone, it’s called a potential adverse drug event.

How nurses can prevent medication errors?

To safeguard against medication errors, nurses must implement the proper procedures for medication administration, including at least these five rights: right patient, drug, dose, route, and time. In addition, they must complete accurate documentation once the patient receives the medication.

What are examples of medication errors?

Types of Medication ErrorsPrescribing.Omission.Wrong time.Unauthorized drug.Improper dose.Wrong dose prescription/wrong dose preparation.Administration errors including the incorrect route of administration, giving the drug to the wrong patient, extra dose or wrong rate.More items…•

How often do medication errors occur?

At least 4000 surgical errors occur each year in the United States each year. Operating on an incorrect body part is a common source of surgical error.