Quick Answer: What Are The Three Components Necessary To Defend Against A Cyber Attack?

What are the 4 types of cyber attacks?

Common types of cyber attacksMalware.

Malware is a term used to describe malicious software, including spyware, ransomware, viruses, and worms.

Phishing.

Man-in-the-middle attack.

Denial-of-service attack.

SQL injection.

Zero-day exploit.

DNS Tunneling..

What is the 2nd line of defense?

The second line of defense is nonspecific resistance that destroys invaders in a generalized way without targeting specific individuals: Phagocytic cells ingest and destroy all microbes that pass into body tissues. For example macrophages are cells derived from monocytes (a type of white blood cell).

What are the three main categories of cyber threat?

Cybersecurity threats come in three broad categories of intent….Types of Cybersecurity ThreatsMalware. … Phishing. … Spear Phishing. … “Man in the Middle” (MitM) attack. … Trojans. … Ransomware. … Denial of Service attack or Distributed Denial of Service Attack (DDoS). … Attacks on IoT Devices.More items…

What are the Top 5 cyber threats?

Here are the current top five cyber threats that you should be aware of.Ransomware. … Phishing. … Data leakage. … Hacking. … Insider threat. … businessadviceservice.com. … businessadviceservice.com.

What are the main cyber threats of 2020?

Here are the top 10 cybersecurity threats businesses face in 2020:Phishing Attacks. … Remote Worker Endpoint Security. … Cloud Jacking. … IoT Devices. … Sophisticated and Targeted Ransomware Attacks. … Deepfakes. … Mobile Malware. … 5G-to-Wi-Fi Security Vulnerabilities.More items…•

What is the most dangerous cyber attack?

Top 5 most notorious cyberattacksWannaCry: A real epidemic. The WannaCry attack put ransomware, and computer malware in general, on everyone’s map, even those who don’t know a byte from a bite. … NotPetya/ExPetr: The costliest cyberattack to date. … Stuxnet: A smoking cybergun. … DarkHotel: Spies in suite rooms. … Mirai: The fall of the Internet.

What is the most common type of cyber attack?

The following list points out the six most common types of cyber attacks:Malware.Phishing.Man-in-the-middle attack.Distributed denial-of-service attack.SQL injection.Zero-day exploit.Cyber attack prevention.

What are the 3 principles of cyber defense?

The fundamental principles (tenets) of information security are confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Every element of an information security program (and every security control put in place by an entity) should be designed to achieve one or more of these principles. Together, they are called the CIA Triad.

What is the 1st 2nd and 3rd line of defense?

The first line of defense are the physical and chemical barriers, which are considered functions of innate immunity. … The third line of defense is specific resistance, which is considered a function of acquired immunity.

What are the biggest cyber threats?

A few of the biggest threats include:1) Phishing/Social Engineering Attacks. … 2) IoT-Based Attacks. … 3) Ransomware. … 4) Internal Attacks. … 5) Asynchronous Procedure Calls in System Kernels. … 6) Uneven Cybersecurity Protections (i.e. Security Gaps) … 7) Unpatched Security Vulnerabilities and Bugs.

How can a cyber attack be deadly?

Unlike a nuclear weapon, which would vaporize people within 100 feet and kill almost everyone within a half-mile, the death toll from most cyberattacks would be slower. People might die from a lack of food, power or gas for heat or from car crashes resulting from a corrupted traffic light system.

What is the first line of defense against a cyber attack?

Employee Awareness Training—Your First Line of Defense Against Cyber Threats. An increasing number of information security officers agree that awareness training for employees is the number-one defense against cybersecurity threats.

What are the three steps for responding to a cybersecurity threat?

Three Steps to Taking Control of Cyber RiskStep one – Get to grips with your security. Make an asset inventory and allocate asset owners. … Step two – Create an incident response plan. Irrespective of how robust your security is, an incident response plan is essential. … Step three – Communicate responsibility at all levels.

Is fever a first line of defense?

These barriers keep most pathogens out of the body. If pathogens do manage to enter the body, the body’s second line of defense attacks them. The second line of defense includes inflammation, phagocytosis, and fever.

What are natural killer cells?

Natural Killer (NK) Cells are lymphocytes in the same family as T and B cells, coming from a common progenitor. … They are named for this ‘natural’ killing. Additionally, NK cells secrete cytokines such as IFNγ and TNFα, which act on other immune cells like Macrophage and Dendritic cells to enhance the immune response.